Skills Development Program of Ansar & VDP for Rural Development

Md. Shah Alam Director (Joint Secretary) NSDC Secretariat

 

Bangladesh Ansar & Village Defense Party (VDP) is the government owned largest voluntary force in Bangladesh. Its aim is to help maintaining law & order & socio-economic development in rural Bangladesh. In 1947 the then government raised Ansar bahini to maintain internal law and order situation due to handling the migrated people from India. After liberation war Bangladesh government established Ansar battalion and VDP in 1976. To give legal framework the government passed 3 Acts for Ansar & VDP in 1995.

Organizational Set-up:

There are 3 auxiliary forces under Bangladesh Ansar & VDP organization. These are: Normal Ansar, Battalion Ansar & VDP. Till now there are 40 units (2 of them are female) of battalion Ansar, each comprises of 416 members. A battalion is divided into 4 companies. The  members of Ansar battalion are permanent employees under national pay-scale. They are engaged in maintaining public safety and security in plain areas along with Bangladesh police force. They jointly perform duties with Bangladesh Army in Chattogram hill tract areas. But normal Ansar is fully voluntary & temporary. Their basis of government job is ‘no work, no payment’. The organization has 1 platoon Ansar (32 members) in a union/ward and 1 company Ansar (Comprises of 115 members) of normal Ansar in each Upazila/Thana, whereas only one platoon female Ansar exists in each Upazila/Thana. On the other hand, VDP has one platoon male members (32 in number) and one platoon female members in each village/maholla. One appointed union /ward leader (male) & 1 union/ward leader (female) commands the union/ward formation. Upazila Ansar & VDP Officer (UAVDO) is the responsible officer for those Ansar and VDP formation & their activities.

 

Skills Development Program:

Bangladesh Ansar & VDP headquarters prepares & monitors annual training calendar for all types of training but project training branch of training directorate organizes and manages the occupational courses for Ansar & VDP members. The UAVDOs send the trainee members from villages to the nominated training centers through respective district commandant, Ansar & VDP office. The prominent training institutions are:

 

(1)   Ansar-VDP Academy, located at Shafipur, Gazipur

(2)   Vocational Training centre (VTC), Kalakopa, Nababgonj, Dhaka

(3)   VTC, Gazipur.

Other regional occupational training centers are located at Narsingdi, Manikgonj, Chapainababgonj, Dinajpur, Kushtia, jamalpur & Jashore. Moreover, all district headquarters have training infrastructure facilities. The conveyance allowance, accommodation, foods, Certificates, uniforms & all other contingency expenses are borne by government.

A brief description of trade training conducted by Ansar & VDP in previous year

(2017-18) is given below:

 

SN Name of

Training

Number of Trainee Ph ase Dura– tion Sex Training centre Comment
1 Basic

Computer

30 4 70 days Male

Female

35 selected district VDP

members

2 Auto

Mechanic

32 4 70 days Male Manikgonj, Dinajpur VDP

members

3 Refrigerator & Air conditioner repair 32 4 70 days Male Manikgonj, Dinajpur VDP

members

4 Electrical house warring 32 4 70 days Male Manikgonj, Dinajpur VDP

members

5 Welding-4g

Training

32 4 70 days Male Manikgonj, Dinajpur VDP

members

6 Plumbing & Pipe fitting 32 4 70 days Male Manikgonj VDP

members

 

SN Name of

Training

Number of Trainee Ph ase Dura– tion Sex Training centre Comment
7 Masonry & Rod binding 32 4 70 days Male Manikgonj, VDP

members

8 Mobile Phone servicing 32 4 70 days Male Manikgonj VDP

members

9 Constructing & Painting 32 4 70 days Male Manikgonj VDP

members

10 Tiles setting 32 4 70 days Male Manikgonj VDP

members

 

Training courses from serial 2 to 10 of the above mentioned table training courses are certified by Bangladesh Technical Education Board. In addition to those courses the following training courses were conducted:

 

SN Name of

Training

Number of

Trainee

Phase Duratio n Sex Training centre
1 Fridge & Air conditioner repair 32 3 49 days Male Jamalpur
2 Sewing & Fashion Design 70 3 75 days Female VTC Gazipur
3 Sewing & Fashion Design (Embroidered Quilt) 80 3 75 days Female VTC Kalakopa
4 Sweater

Knitting

75 6 30 days Male AV Academy
5 Oven Machine

Operating

75 4 60 days Female Ansar VDP Academy
6 Motor Driving 40 4 70 days Male Narsingdi
7 Beautician 64 1 70 days Female AV Academy
8 karuponno 70 3 60 days Female AV Academy

 

Ansar VDP department possesses a strong sports & cultural wing. It has a talent searching training program round the year. They collect players & artists mainly from rural areas through its local units. Then they arrange skills development training for sportsmen & artists. In last year they implemented training on boxing, weightlifting, taekwondo, karate, table tennis, shooting, cycling, swimming, football, cricket (f), ushu, fencing, golf, handball, judo, wrestling, kabadi, archery, gymnastics, rowing, volleyball, athletics, Kick boxing, roll ball, baseball, through ball, badminton etc.

Mabia Akter Simanto (SA Games weightlifting gold medalist) & Panna Ghosh & Lily Biswas (national women cricketers) are the product of Ansar VDP skills training. It is notable that Ansar-VDP Organization awarded swadhinata padak in 2004 for continuous performance of young Ansar VDP in sports sector.

Ansar-VDP conducts skills training for the members of its cultural wing. The process of recruitment of artists is as like as sports players. Ansar women band party is only women government band party in Bangladesh. Artist Monir Khan & Shahnaj Baly, eminent singers are the product of Ansar VDP cultural skills development program.

The impact of Ansar VDP skills development program is important for rural development in Bangladesh. But no independent review conducted against these skills development courses till today. Recently, Ansar HQ evaluated outcome of

  1. Only one percent trainee managed to go abroad after training, achieved training based job & sent remittance.
  2. 26% people were engaged in training related job.
  3. The female trainees gained increase of social status & independency.

 

As we have cited that Ansar-VDP is a vast organization having more than 5 million registered & disciplined members. Most of the members live in villages. A useful bridge with Ansar VDP Development Bank should be arranged for fueling in  self-employment after  successful completion of  occupational &  technical training. Skills training, thus, will lead them to gain leadership in rural Bangladesh.